Is the athlete’s support personnel also affected by the anti-doping rules?
The support personnel has a key role. In addition to being a role model, it is also their role to teach the athletes the most important rules and tips. In addition, numerous anti-doping rules apply to the support personnel specifically.
What education opportunities does Swiss Sport Integrity offer?
Athletes and support personnel can acquire important knowledge via e-learning and videos. In addition, behavioral tips are taught in workshops in collaboration with sports federations, the FOSPO and sports schools.
A doping control involves taking urine and/or blood samples. The doping control procedure is clearly defined. It is important that athletes are familiar with, exercise, and fulfill their rights and obligations when undergoing testing.
Depending on their sport and performance level, athletes and teams are assigned by Swiss Sport Integrity or their International Sports Federation to what are known as whereabouts pools. Their main purpose is to help test planning and they are relevant to the therapeutic use exemption process.
All athletes who hold a license or membership of a club or federation affiliated with Swiss Olympic may be subject to testing at any time. This also apply to athletes participating in competitions held by such organizations.
Are there also prohibited nutritional supplements?
Nutritional supplements present a doping risk as they may be contaminated with prohibited substances. Athletes should therefore only use nutritional supplements following an individual assessment of the benefits and risks.
There are situations in which athletes need to take a prohibited substance or use a prohibited method, as specified by the Prohibited List, for health reasons. The anti-doping rules therefore stipulate therapeutic use exemptions (TUE).
To whom do the anti-doping rules under private law apply?
The anti-doping rules apply to all athletes who are license-holders or members of an association or federation affiliated to Swiss Olympic. The same applies to those participating in competitions run by such organizations. This applies irrespective of their level within their sport, their age, or their nationality. Numerous rules also apply to the support personnel.
Any violations of the Swiss Olympic Doping Statute may be punishable by disqualification, fines, and/or a suspension from sport. The Swiss Federal Sports Promotion Act also includes penalty clauses, which can result in prison sentences in the case of certain offenses.
The legal foundations for clean sport are laid down in federal-level laws (Federal Act on the Promotion of Sport and Exercise), on the one hand, and in the rules of sport under private law (Doping Statute of Swiss Olympic), on the other.
Why are products confiscated by customs and police?
The Federal Act on the Promotion of Sport and Exercise (SpoPA) prohibits the importation of doping substances. This law applies to all persons staying in Switzerland, regardless of their sporting activities, i.e. it also covers non-athletes.
The Ethics Statute is binding for all federations linked with Swiss Olympic and their direct and indirect member organizations. The ethics provisions apply to all individuals holding a post, license or membership with an association or federation linked with Swiss Olympic.
What happens in the event of a potential violation of the Ethics Statute of Swiss sport?
Where there is a strong suspicion of a violation of one of the four offences of the Ethics Statute of Swiss Sport, Swiss Sport Integrity launches an investigation procedure and compiles an investigation report for the Disciplinary Chamber for Swiss Sport (DC).
What preventive measures are implemented to prevent ethics violations?
Swiss Olympic supports the battle against ethics violations through prevention and awareness measures. Athletes, support personnel and officials are provided with preventative information and trained in how healthy, respectful, fair and lasting success can be maintained in sport.
Since when does Switzerland have anti-doping activities?
In Switzerland, the first “Instructions on Combatting Doping”' were issued between 1963 and 1967. At the same time, a doping laboratory was set up at the Federal Office of Sport (FOSPO) research laboratory in Magglingen.
Swiss Sport Integrity protects the right of athletes to equal opportunities, to fair and to doping-free sport. The tasks include in particular testing, investigations, prevention work, applied research, receiving and investigating reports of ethical violations, and through national and international collaboration.
The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) establishes the anti-doping rules for all countries and sports (World Anti-Doping Program). It monitors their implementation by the National Anti-Doping Organizations (e.g. Swiss Sport Integrity), International Sports Federations, and certain sports organizers (e.g. the IOC).